The name Mussoorie is regularly ascribed to a deduction of mansūr, a bush which is indigenous to the region. The town is regularly alluded to as Mansuri by most Indians. In 1803 Gorkhas under Umer Singh Thapa vanquished the Garhwal and the Dehra, whereby Mussoorie was set up. On 1 November 1814 war broke out between the Gorkhas and the British.
Dehradun and Mussoorie were cleared by the Gorkhas continuously from 1815 and were added to Saharanpur by 1819.
Mussoorie as a getaway was set up in 1825 by Captain Young, a British military official. With Mr Shore, the inhabitant Superintendent of Revenues at Dehradun, he investigated the current site and together developed a shooting lodge.
Frederick Young, a representative of the British Empire working with the East India Company, came to Mussoorie to shoot game. He assembled a chasing lodge on the Camels Back Road and became an officer in Doon 1823. He raised the main Gurkha Regiment and planted the primary potatoes in the valley.
His term in Mussoorie ended in 1844, later resigning as a General and getting back to Ireland. There are no remembrances of Young in Mussoorie. In any case, there is a Young Road in Dehradun on which ONGCs Tel Bhawan stands.
PEOPLE AND CULTURE
A very interesting thing about Mussoorie is that the people are quite well educated, the Literacy rates are pretty high, almost 90 per cent. With a relatively small population, the town of Mussoorie houses quite a few cultures.
The fundamental language spoken by the individuals of Mussoorie is Garhwali, yet they additionally utilise different dialects like Hindi, Punjabi, English and Kumaoni.
Presence of various chapels, mosque, sanctuaries and Gurudwaras uncover that individuals of different religions of India live in this hill station like Christians, Hindus, Sikhs and Muslims.
In the midst of the eminent personalities, the acclaimed Indian author, Ruskin Bond has been an occupant of Mussoorie for over 45 years. Numerous famous people like Jawaharlal Nehru, Indira Gandhi, entertainer Dev Anand and cricketer Sachin Tendulkar consider this town their favourite spot.
Variety in social legacy is the crown gem of Mussoorie. The city houses sanctuaries and safe-havens of each religion. Important functions are generally completed here, and a great deal of significance is given to the celebrations and fairs as a statement of faith.
The critical component of these celebrations is the investment of local people as they commend them all with complete zing.
A portion of essential celebrations here incorporate Basant Panchami, Samvastar Pareva, Phooldeli, Bikhauti, Hariyala, Autumn Festival, Shravan Mela, Gheeya Sankranti, The Bhadraj Fair, Surkhanda, Devi Mela, Kale Kaua or Uttarani, Kunjapuri Fair, Mata MurtiKaMela, Tapkeshwar Fair, Lakhawar Village Fair, etc.
FOOD AND SHOPPING ITEMS
Mussoorie is a hill station in Uttar Khand has a Mall Road which would provide you with all the items you are looking for, from Handicrafts to Woollen products, even some of the most fantastic café and restaurants in the region.
Some of the most notable places being the Tibetan Market where you can get most types of apparel and clothes in general, another one is Gandhi Chowk which is very popular for its woollens.
After the Mall Road comes to the Kulri Bazar, which is another prevalent market, this is the more high-end side of town where all the fancy restaurants and hotels are.
There a plenty of options for food lovers as well, Mussoorie houses some of the coolest places to eat. Starting from CAFÉ BY THE WAY which is most popular café amongst students, then we have KALSANG which is a Chinese/ Tibetan restaurant with a variety to choose from.
CHAR DUKAN is another favourite offers some authentic local food and Lovely Omelette which has been recognised by multiple news channels as the best omelette there is. Food in Mussoorie can vary from the place you are going to, but the prices are generally not high.
Mussoorie has a ton of activities to choose from; one will most probably not going to be able to do all of them. It ranges from Trekking up the high mountains to river rafting in the beautiful rivers such as Akali, Dhauliganga and Alakananda.
They also have things like the Food Tour where they will take you through some of the most authentic local food, which is delicious. We also have activities such as Fishing and Boating.
Some of the more exciting things to do are Horse riding, Mountain Biking and of course we have the Zipline which is probably the scariest and the most beautiful thing to do.
They also have workshop conducted for tourists where they teach you how to make wine, although there isn't any local Vineyard their recipes are unique and tasty. Monsoon is the time when most of these activities are shut down.
AVAILABILITY OF ACCOMMODATION
Being one of Indias primary travel destinations, Mussoorie has plenty of Hotels and Bungalows to rent. One can find a place to stay at any range from very expensive to very reasonable.
A few Hotels also provide cabs and other tour services.
TIME TO VISIT
Usually, it is advised to visit Mussoorie in April to July when the weather is perfect for sightseeing and other activities. September to about mid-November when Mussoorie gets green and lush.
Monsoons are not recommended for travelling.
HOW TO REACH MUSSOORIE
AIR - The closest airport is about 59 km away from the Jolly Grant airport that is in Dehradun. Despite the distance it is quite easy to travel through a taxi or a bus after you've landed.
RAIL - The closest railway station is also situated in Dehradun, the railway station being about 36 km away. The railway line connects to a number of major cities such as Delhi, Jammu, Kolkata and Amritsar. Taxis are available right outside the station.
ROAD - The road network connecting Mussoorie to cities like Delhi, Dehradun and even places in Uttar Pradesh are quite nice.
Government-run buses and private Taxis regularly travel to Mussoorie.