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Varanasi also known as Banaras is linked with BHU (Banares Hindu University) and Kashi Vishwanath Temple. It is located on the banks of river Ganges in Uttar Pradesh. It is one of the ancient and spiritual cities of India.

Historical Background

Varanasi is founded by Lord Shiva, according to the holy people residing there since ages. This place is regarded as one of seven holy cities which can provide Moksha.

In 1194, the city became victim to the Turkish emperor Qutb-ud-din Aibak who demolished most of the temples. After him also, most of the Mughal emperors have followed the same thing and destroyed the spiritual places. The city regains its momentum with the coming of Mughal emperor Akbar who invested in the city and constructed two temples dedicated to Lord Shiva and Vishnu. The city was rules by the Marathas and Rajputs after the death of Mughal emperor, Aurangzeb. In 1948, Varanasi ceded to the Union of India.

A spiritual city with great art and culture

Varanasi is famous for its educational institutions like BHU. Students from all over the world come to this heritage city to take the blessings of Goddess Saraswati – the goddess of education.

The city is a place for authentic ayurveda and panchkarma treatments. Lot of tourists come here and experience the ayurvedic treatments and get relieved from their concerns.

Varanasi is also known as “the city of temples” and therefore a source of attraction among the tourists that they make a beeline to this city.

Varanasi is also famous for its rich art and culture and its Banarasi Sarees are famous among the ladies all over India.


Varanasi’s culture of fine art and literature is known worldwide. Great writers like Kabir, Ravidas and Tulsidas belong to Varanasi. Carpet weaving, wooden toys, glass bangles are the famous handicrafts made by the artists of Varanasi.

The major religion which is followed is Hinduism. Muslims, Christians and Jains form the minority of the population.

Current Scenario

Silk weaving is the main source of livelihood for the people living in Varanasi. Diesel locomotive works is the major employer in the metal manufacturing sector which provides lot of employment opportunities to the local residents of Varanasi.

Secondly, Tourism is the major employment generation sector in Varanasi. The State Government is taking initiatives to improve the infrastructure of the state to attract more and more tourist to this spiritual place.

Climate and best time to visit

Varanasi experiences a humid subtropical climate with great variations in temperature. In summers the temperature rises above 40 degrees while the winters are cool and pleasant. The best time to visit this place is between October to March.

  • Kashi Vishwanath Temple
  • Jantar Mantar
  • Bharat Mata Temple
  • Sarnath
  • Ramnagar
  • Chunar fort
  • Kedareshwara Temple
  • Ghats – Dasaswamedh, Manikarnika, Panchganga, Assi, Kedar, Tulsi, Shivala, Harishchanra
  • Alamgir Mosque