Mumbai


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Mumbai is one of the metropolitan cities of India and capital of Maharashtra. It is the economic powerhouse of India and it lies on the south west part of the country. It is also known as the “City of Dreams” as it is the centre of India’s huge Hindi film industry. Most of the legends of Indian cinema reside in Mumbai. It attracts migrants from different parts of the country making this city a blend of different cultures and communities.

Historical Background

Mumbai is basically built on seven islands namely Bombay Island, parel, mazagaon, mahim, colaba, Worli and old woman’s Island. In the third century BC, these islands were the part of Maurya Empire, ruled by the Buddhist emperor, Ashoka of Magadha. The city was at that time was known as Hepatanesia.

In 1526, the Mughal emperors ruled the Indian subcontinent and signed the treaty of Bassein with the Portuguese who got actively involved in the foundation and growth of their Roman Catholic religious orders in Bombay (Mumbai).

In 1687, these islands were leased to British East India Company and they transfer their headquarters from Surat to Bombay. They city became the headquarters of Bombay Presidency and after Indian Independence in 1947, it became a State.

A business hub, a place of beaches and religious temples

Today Mumbai is one of the major financial hubs in the country. All the major business tycoons live here. This place offers great investment opportunities to people who want to invest sensibly and earn profits.

This place is also famous for its religious temples and beaches. People can really enjoy the street food at the beaches of Mumbai. Ganesh Chaturthi is the major festival celebrated in this State. Gudi Padwa is celebrated as New Year for the Maharashtrians in Mumbai.

Mumbai also has a busy night life. You can enjoy the discotheques, night clubs, theatres, music and much more this city has to offer.

Current Scenario

Mumbai has one of the major textile markets, industrial markets and ports which contribute to nearly 40 percent of the India maritime trade.

Mumbai is also the commercial centre of India’s large diamond industry and a major exporter of gems worldwide. It is the city which gives birth to Bollywood Hindi movies. Cricket is the most popular sport and the players of this state represent Ranji trophy and won 40 titles, which is the highest so far by any state.

As far as education is concerned, IIT (Mumbai), Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute (VJTI) and University Institute of Chemical Technology are one of the premier institute offering the best of technological education.

Climate and best time to visit

Normally the climate of the state is humid and dry. June to September is the monsoon months with high humidity. In winters the minimum temperature reaches up to 10 degrees while in summers it goes to 40degrees maximum. The best time for to visit this place for sightseeing is between October to March.

  • Siddhivinayak Temple
  • Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus
  • Marine Drive
  • Juhu Beach
  • Gateway of India
  • Prince of Wales Museum
  • Hali Ali Dargah
  • Iscon Temples
  • Hanging gardens
  • Flora fountain
  • Bandra Worli
  • Sanjay Gandhi National Park
  • Elephanta Caves