Jharkhand, established by dividing the southern part from state of Bihar on November 15, 2000 this state is one of the richest states of India by natural resources. This Eastern Indian state shares state borders with Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha and West Bengal .

Literal meaning of Jharkhand is “Land Of Forest” where in regional language Jhar means Gold; hence locally it is called as “Piece Of Gold”. Jharkhand accounts approx. 40% of mineral resources of India.


Jharkhand is one of the richest states by natural resources and flora & fauna, which mostly part lies on the Chota Nagpur Plateau. Betla National Park, Palamau Tiger Reserve, Hazaribag Wildlife Sanctuary are few of the main shelter for wildlife in this state. A major part of this state is covered by forests.


With Hindi, mostly tribal languages are spoken in Jharkhand. Sanatli, Mundari, Ho etc are few famous tribal languages.


Being mostly in tribal culture; Jharkhand is majorly depend on natural resources, hence Nature is the utmost important part of their life and they worship nature. The festivals are also based on nature and natural resources.

Modern Jharkhand

Jharkhand is very much affected by Naxalite-Maoist insurgency. This state is the part of “Naxal Belt” of India; where naxalites are very much active. Because of this, Jharkhand could not see that level of development compare to other states.

Jamshedpur, Ranchi, Bokaro, Dhanbad are few big cities of this state which contributes a large percentage of GDP in India’s economy.


Good numbers of Engineering and management colleges are giving Jharkhand a great scope of development in education sector. There are four universities in Jharkhand where the state has three medical colleges only.


Jharkhand is a great tourism spot. Be it Damodar Valley corporation, wildlife reserves or old heritage sites; Jharkhand gives a real pleasure of nature. Although the tourism industry is not much promoted, Jharkhand has many much to explore.