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Hyderabad, the capital of state Andhra Pradesh is the seat of architecture, literature and culture. This city bears evidence to the glorious past of the Nizams of Hyderabad and is a great place to visit and soak up some history.

Historical Background

Hyderabad was founded in 1591 BC by Mohammed Quli Qutab Shah. It was under the Qutan Shahi dynasty for over a century thereafter. The city was known as Bhagnagar as the Emperor dedicated it to his lover, Bhagmati. When she converted to Islam and adopted the name, Hyder Mahal, the city was renamed.

It was then seized by Mughal emperor, Aurangazeb who conquered the entire area in the year 1697 BC. Later in 1724, Asif Jah I formed the Asif Jahi dynasty who ran the princely state of Hyderabad along with the British for over 200 years thereafter. Throughout its history, Hyderabad was known for pearl and diamond trade. It was in the Nagina Gardens of the Golconda fort that the famous Kohinoor Diamond was unearthed. The influence of Persian and Islamic art and culture is evident even today in all the historical sites and even the cuisine of the capital city.

The land of architecture, hub of art and a testament to history

For ardent lovers of history, Hyderabad is an excellent place to visit. One will notice architectural remains throughout the city, be it the Charminar is the busy market or the rather isolated Golconda Fort. These monuments are quite intriguing in terms of their beauty and architectural technique. The Golconda Fort, for instance, is known for its impressive acoustics where a simple clap at the foot of the fort can be heard at the top, which is almost a kilometer away! The guides never tire telling the tales of the Nizams who were excellent in their war strategies and also religious tolerance.

Preserving history is one quality that the Hydeabadis know really well. With many spectacular museums that are quite contrasting in their displays, one can experience the keen sense of art that the rulers of Hyderabad had.


Hyderabad is the hub of culture. The displays at the museums are a culmination of collections from across the world. The city is known for its amazing talent in music and dance. Dance styles like Kuchipudi and Kathakali are predominant in this region.

The city also houses a flourishing film industry. The Ramoji Film City is one of the most important establishments to promote and support Indian Cinema. Besides that, the Telugu film industry finds its headquarters in this city.

The cuisine of Hyderabad is unique and is highly influenced by the Islamic rule that once prevailed. The Hyderabadi Biryani and Haleem have actually been named geographical indications for this region.

Climate and best time to visit

Hyderabad is quite warm and humid. The colder months from October to March are perhaps the best options to plan your visit.

  • Golconda Fort
  • Chowmalla Palace
  • Char Minar
  • Hussain Sagar Lake
  • Safdarjung Museum
  • Ramoji Film City
  • NTR park
  • Snow City