Gujarat


Gujarat; the state of North-West India is one of the fastest developing state in India. This state shares international border with Pakistan on west at Sindh province, where Arabian Sea as coastline. In Indian states, Gujarat shares borders with Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh.

Gujarat had a great contribution in independence movement as well as Indian Business Empire. Top leaders like Mahatma Gandhi and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel are from Gujarat; where business tycoons like Dhirubhai Ambani, founder of Reliance Industries, Ajim Premji, founder of Wipro limited, and one of the pioneer industrialists Jamestji Tata, founder of Tata Group are belong to this state.

This state has a very interesting history. Major sites of the famous ancient Indus Valley Civilisation lies in Gujarat; such as Lothal and Dholavira. Lothal is believed as world’s oldest sea port.

Languages

Gujarati is the most spoken language in Gujarat. Almost 88% of population prefers to speak Gujarati, and rest 12% believed to speak Urdu. Few tribal languages like Bhili and Gamit are also spoken in few tribes.

Geography

Gujarat is rich by its fauna. There are total 4 national parks and 21 sanctuaries in this state giving shelters to animals and birds. This state is the home of Asiatic lions famously known as Babbar Sher; and only place outside Africa as natural habitat of lions. Gir Forest National Park is the largest shelter of Lions across Asia pacific region.

Gujarat has famous mountain regions like Aravalli, Saputara, Vindhya and Sahyadri (Western Ghats). Sabarmati is the biggest river of this state; where there are total 37 rivers serve this state water for agriculture and living.

Rann of Kutch is also found in Gujarat, which is seasonally marshy saline clay desert located in Thar Desert.

Transportation

This state has seventeen airports, out of which Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport at Ahmedabad is the international one.

Gujarat is very well connected to Indian railways. It comes under Western Railways Zone of Indian Railways, which connects New Delhi – Mumbai. Vadodara is the busiest Railway Station of this state and the fourth busiest across India. Other famous railway stations are Surat, Ahmedabad and Rajkot Railway Station.

Gujarat has the longest sea coast of around 1600 kms in India, where Kandla port is one of the largest port serving Western India. There are other important ports like Port of Porbandar, Port of Pipavav, Port of Magdalla, Port of Navlakhi and other privately owned ports like Port Of Mundra. This state has total number of 41 ports.

There are total 13 National Highways comes in Gujarat region, which covers 3,245 km of roadways, along with 19761 km of State Highways.

Education

Gujarat is one of the leading states in India in education sector. There are several universities lies in this state. Several high level education institutes and research centers make this state very much avant-garde in education.

Few famously known institutes and research centers are:

  • Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda
  • The Space Applications Centre (SAC)
  • Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research Institute
  • Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology (SVNIT)
  • Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University (PDPU)
  • Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology (DA-IICT)
  • IIT Gandhinagar
  • Centre for Environmental Planning & Technology University
  • Institute of Rural Management Anand (IRMA)
  • The Institute of Seismological Research (ISR)
  • Mudra Institute of Communication Ahmedabad (MICA)
  • Along with these top level institutions, there are more than 10 universities like Gujarat University, Nirma University, Sardar Patel University etc. serving Indian education system in state of Gujarat.

Culture

Gujarat is rich by its culture and cuisine. Handicraft work of Bhuj and embroidery of Gujarat is world famous. Famous dance style; Garba is also from here.

Gujarati food is primarily vegetarian and very much delicious in taste. Dhokla, Fafda, thepla are few of famous Gujarati dishes. The best part of this cuisine is, it is distinctively sweet, salty, and spicy at the same time.

Tourism

Tourism of Gujarat is lead by Tourism Corporation of Gujarat Limited. It is one of the most famous tourist destinations across India. Bollywood superstar Amitabh Bachchan is currently the brand ambassador of Gujarat Tourism. If you are in Gujarat; don’t forget to visit these cities:

Come and feel ‘Khushboo Gujarat Ki’