Chennai


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Chennai, known earlier as Madras, is the capital of Tamil Nadu and one of the four metros of India.

It was also called Chennaipattinam and Madraspattinam earlier. The city is on the Coromandel Coast, along the Bay of Bengal.

Historical Background

The region around Chennai has seen the rule of the Cheras, Cholas, Pandyas, Pallavas and the Vijaynagar Empire. In the 16th-17th centuries, came the Portuguese and the Dutch. The British followed in 1639 and built the St. George Fort. It was briefly captured by the French but the British won it back and developed it as a naval base and administrative centre.

Chennai is famous for:

Religious and Spiritual Centre, Culture and Heritage

Chennai has several museums and art galleries including the oldest, the Government Museum and National Art Gallery.

It is a centre for Carnatic Music and Bharatnatyam, and hosts several concerts and festivals which are attended by art lovers from everywhere.

There are also several ancient temples and churches in and around Chennai that attract the devout.

Natural Beauty, Beaches, and scope for Outdoor and Adventure activities:

The many beaches of Chennai, like the Marina beach have a lot of activities that visitors can try out. Diving courses are also offered by certain organizations.

Business Hub Medical Tourism and Education

Textiles are the traditional industry; today Chennai also has automobile, hardware manufacture, healthcare, and financial service industries.

Chennai is the second most literate city in India. It is home to the prestigious IIT, the Army Officer’s Training Institute and national research institutes.

Chennai boasts world class medical facilities both private and Government; 45% of health tourists in Chennai are foreigners.

Chennai’s Culture

Chennai is a mesmerizing mix of tradition and modernity. Tamil is the main language; Rice and Sambhar, idlis and dosas are the popular dishes. Bargain shopping in Pondy Bazaar is highly recommended by visitors.

Current Scenario

It is a very densely populated city, and has people from all four South Indian states. The Government is taking steps to provide shelter to the homeless. Roads have also been improved with flyovers and grade separators.

Climate and Best Time to Visit

Summers are very hot so ideal visiting time is November-February.

  • Marina Beach
  • The Thousand Lights Mosque
  • Valluvar Kottam
  • St. George Fort
  • Arignar Anna Zoological Park
  • The Government Museum
  • Valluvar Kottam
  • Kapaleeshwar Temple
  • Crocodile Bank
  • Elliot Beach
  • Kalakshetra
  • T Nagar Market
  • Government Museum